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TheTenthPlenarySessionofthe13thProvincialPartyCommitteepointedoutthatitisnecessarytoactivelyadapttothenewnormalofeconomicdevelopmentandpromoteagriculturalmodernizationwithagriculturalmechanization.TakingadvantageoftheopportunityofreturninghometovisitrelativesandfriendsduringtheSpringFestival,Iwentdeepintothefieldsandlearnedthatthereareproblemsinthecurrentpromotionofagriculturalmechanization,suchastheunavailabilityofagriculturalmachinery,theorganicnowheretogo,theidlenessofthemachineryandtheinabilitytorepairit.Specifically:agriculturalmachinerypurchasesubsidieshaveasinglefundingchannel,andagriculturalmachinerysubsidiesare“difficulttopay”;laggingfarmingroadsmakesagriculturalmachinery“difficulttotravel”;rurallandcirculationrateislow,andagriculturalmachineryis“unavailable”;Thelackofagriculturalmachinerywarehousesmakesagriculturalmachinery“difficulttohouse”;themaintenanceservicecannotkeepup,andagriculturalmachineryis“difficulttoseeadoctor”;lackofprofessionaltalentsmakesagriculturalmachinerytalent“difficulttointroduce”.Itisrecommendedtoadheretothe"threeefforts"tosolvetheaboveproblemsandpromotethehealthydevelopmentofagriculturalmechanization. 1.Focusonincreasingpolicysupport.Establishagriculturalmechanizationdevelopmentfund,speedupthesettlementofagriculturalmachinerypurchasesubsidyfunds,andsolvetheproblemthatagriculturalmachinerycan'taffordit;introducespecificfinancialcreditmeasurestosolvethe"difficultloan"ofagriculturalmachinery;activelystrivetoimplementapilotprojectfortheconstructionofmachinerystorageshedsAgriculturalmachineryis"difficulttohousing";policiesforreplacingagriculturalfuelandagriculturalmachineryinkeyagriculturalseasonssuchasspringfarming,summerharvestingandsummerplantinghavebeenintroducedtoimprovetheoveralllevelofagriculturalmechanizationequipment. Second,focusonadvancingagriculturalmachinerysupportingprojects.Intheconstructionofnationallandconsolidation,comprehensiveagriculturaldevelopment,waterconservancy,transportationandotherprojects,synchronouslyconsidertheconstructionofruralmachinefarmingroadstosolvethe"difficulttravel"ofagriculturalmachinery;onthebasisofrurallandconfirmation,acceleratethepaceoflandcirculationandsolvethe"unusable"Theproblem;establisha"smallrepaircan'tproduceafilm,alargerepaircan'tmakeacounty"agriculturalmachinerymaintenanceservicecentertosolvethe"difficulttoseeadoctor"ofagriculturalmachinery;withthehelpofthe"agriculturalmachinerycross-regionaloperationservicethroughtrain"systemofChinaAgriculturalMechanizationInformationNetwork,doagoodjobinsupplyanddemandofmachineryThecollection,analysisandreleaseofmarketinformation,suchasprogressandoperationprices,guidethemachinewithorderlyflowoperationstosolvetheproblemof"notenoughfood"foragriculturalmachinery. 3.Effortswillbemadetoincreasetheguaranteeoftalents.Strengthenthepracticaltechnicaltrainingoftheexistingagriculturalmachinerysystempersonnel,introduceandcultivateagriculturalmachineryscientificandtechnologicaltalentsandmanagementtalents,createateamofagriculturalmachineryoperatorswhomeettherequirementsandhaveareasonableprofessionalstructureattheagelevel,andprovidetalentandtechnicalsupportforthedevelopmentofagriculturalmachinery.
2020-02-09 白箭头 黑箭头
Agriculturalmachineryreferstoallkindsofmachineryusedintheproductionprocessofcropplantingandanimalhusbandry,aswellastheinitialprocessingandprocessingofagriculturalandlivestockproducts.Agriculturalmechanizationisaneconomicprocessthatusesagriculturalmachinerytoreplacehumanandanimalpowerforagriculturalproduction.Itisanimportantmeanstoimproveagriculturalproductionefficiency,landoutputrateandresourceutilization,reduceagriculturalproductioncosts,resistnaturaldisasters,andsustainablyandrationallyuseagriculturalresources..    Theagriculturalmachineryindustrychainmainlyincludes:upstreambasicrawmaterialsandpartssuppliers;midstreamagriculturalmachinerysuppliers;downstreamdistributionchannelprovidersandterminalagriculturalmachineryusers.    Theupstreamrawmaterialindustryincludes:steel,nonferrousmetals,rubber,plastics,fueloilandotherindustries.Providingbasicrawmaterialsforagriculturalmachineryisanimportantpartofagriculturalmachineryproductioncosts.    Theupstreampartsindustryincludes:(1)powercomponents,suchasvariousdieselengines,gasolineengines,generators,etc.;(2)transmissioncomponents,suchas:gearboxes,clutches,transmissionshafts,chains,etc.;(3)walkingcomponents,suchasdrivesWheels,guidewheels,frontaxles,rearaxles,crawlers,tires,etc.;steeringcomponents,suchassteeringwheels,steeringgears,valves,cylinders,etc.;(4)headerthreshingcomponents,suchasthreshingdrums,headers,reelwheels,stir(5)Cultivationcomponents,suchasopeners,sowingboxes,rotaryblades,seedlingtrays,etc.;(6)Electroniccontrolsystems,suchasinstruments,lighting,seats,batteries,etc.    Agriculturalmachineryindustry:Accordingtotheindustrystandard"AgriculturalMachineryClassification"(standardnumber:NY/T1640-2008)issuedbytheMinistryofAgricultureonJuly14,2008,agriculturalmachineryisdividedinto14majorcategoriesand57subcategories(Excluding"other"),276items(excluding"other").     Downstreamindustry:mainlyincludingagriculturalmachinerycirculationandendusers.    Analysisoffavorableandunfavorablefactorsinfluencingthedevelopmentofagriculturalmachineryindustry    Thecompletemachinesupplierisinafavorablecorelinkintheentireindustrialchain,andplaysacentralroleinlinkingupstreamcomponentsanddownstreamcirculation.    1)Mainfavorablefactorsforthedevelopmentofagriculturalmachineryindustry    ①ChinaiscarryingoutcomprehensivedeepeningreformstoremoveinstitutionalandinstitutionalobstaclesandinjectnewimpetusintothedevelopmentofChina'sagriculturalmachineryindustry    China'sagriculturehaslittleroomtoimprovelandproductivitybyrelyingonimprovedvarieties,fertilizers,pesticides,andfilms,andagriculturallaborproductivityisstillverylow.ThekeytoChina’sagriculturalmodernizationliesinitsabilitytoincreaseagriculturallaborproductivity.Thefundamentalwaytoincreaseagriculturallaborproductivityliesinagriculturalmechanization.Thecoreofmechanizationliesinlarge-scalelandmanagement.Theimportantmeasureforlarge-scalelandmanagementistheorderlyoperationofcontractualmanagementrights.Circulateandbuildanewagriculturalmanagementsystem.    Therefore,whetherChinacanacceleratethepromotionofcomprehensiveandfull-scaleagriculturalmechanizationdependson:theorderlytransferofcontractedmanagementrights;theconstructionofanewintensive,specialized,organizedandsocializednewagriculturalmanagementsystem;thepromotionofindustrializationandnewurbanization;andhouseholdregistrationSupportforsystemreformsandrelatedsupportingpoliciessuchas"strongfarmers,richfarmers,andbeneficialfarmers".     SincetheEighteenthNationalCongressoftheCommunistPartyofChina,thecountryhasacceleratedthereformoftherurallandsystemandfosterednewagriculturalmanagementfromthestrategicheightoffullybuildingawell-offsociety,thesimultaneousdevelopmentofthefoururbanization,industrialization,informatization,andagriculturalmodernizationandtheintegrateddevelopmentofurbanandruralareas.Thereformofthemainbody,thehouseholdregistrationsystem,thenewurbanizationwithChinesecharacteristics,thepolicyof"strongagriculture,richfarmers,andbenefitingfarmers",thenewrelationshipbetweenurbanandruralareasofindustrialandagriculturaldevelopment,andplantationcultivationhaveprovidedinstitutionalguaranteeforthescalemanagementofagriculturalproduction.Therealizationofscale,specializationandcommercializationofagriculturalplantingmanagementhassolvedthebottlenecksinthesystemsandmechanismsthatrestrictthedevelopmentofagriculturalmodernizationandinjectednewimpetusintothecontinuousandrapiddevelopmentofChina'sagriculturalmachineryindustry.    ②Chinaisgoingthroughthestageofacceleratingthedevelopmenttofull-scaleandcomprehensivemechanization,andtherigiddemandofthemarketcontinuestoincrease    In2012,thecomprehensivemechanizationlevelofcropcultivationandharvestingreachedonly57.17%.Withtheadvancementofindustrializationandurbanization,thesurplusrurallaborforcehasshiftedrapidly,andagriculturalmodernizationhasbecomeincreasinglydependentonagriculturalmachinery.Chinahasenteredafull-scaleandcomprehensivemechanizationdevelopment.Newstage.Atthisstage,inadditiontothefasterandfasterreplacementofagriculturalmachineryproducts,theappl
2020-02-09 白箭头 黑箭头
Inrecentyears,thedevelopmentsituationandenvironmentofagriculturalmechanizationinChinahavechanged,andstrongsignalshavebeentransmittedfromhigh-speedgrowthtohigh-qualitydevelopment.Now,agriculturalmechanizationmustandhasconditionstoshifttohigh-qualitydevelopment. Agriculturalmechanizationandmodernizationdevelopmentstrategyresearchexpert,whiteprofessorofChinaAgriculturalUniversity,Park,madetheabovestatementinBeijingonJanuary21.Inhisview,agriculturalmechanizationmustadheretothecombinationofgoalorientationandproblemorientation,focusonsolvingtheproblemofinsufficientdevelopmentimbalance,vigorouslyimprovethequalityandefficiencyofdevelopment,andbettermeetthenewneedsofthedevelopmentofthetimes. WhitemanParkmadetheabovestatementattheChinaAgriculturalMechanizationOutlookConferenceheldonJanuary21.Hebelievesthatintheneweraofthecontradictionbetweenthegrowingsocialneedsofourpeopleandtheimbalancedandinsufficientdevelopmentofoursociety,oureconomyhasshiftedfromthestageofrapidgrowthtothestageofhigh-qualitydevelopment,andthedevelopmentofagriculturalmechanizationWemustalsotakeadvantageofit. StatisticsreleasedbytheMinistryofAgricultureshowthatin2014,thecomprehensivemechanizationlevelofcropcultivationandharvestinginChinaexceeded60%,whichmeansthatthedevelopmentofagriculturalmechanizationhasenteredthelatestageoftheintermediatestage,thatis,theperiodoftransformationandupgradingtofull,comprehensive,high-qualityandefficientdevelopmentThedevelopmentrequirementsforthetransformationfromquantitativegrowthtoqualitativeimprovementareincreasinglyurgent.Thisisanendogenousrequirementforthedevelopmentofagriculturalmechanization.   Fromtheanalysisofthedevelopmentenvironment,in2014,China'stotaleconomicGDPexceededUS$10trillionforthefirsttime,rankingfirmlyastheworld'ssecondlargesteconomy.Forthefirsttime,theemploymentstructureofChina'sthreemajorindustrieshasevolvedintoathree,two,andonestructure.Inotherwords,amongtheemployeesinthewholesociety,thetertiaryindustryhasthelargestnumberofemployees.In2014,ithashistoricallyexceeded300millionpeople,reaching31364million.Theproportionoftertiaryindustryemploymentalsoexceeded40%forthefirsttime,reaching40.6%;Theepoch-makingindustryhasbeenreducedtotheleastamongthethreeindustries,withlessthan228millionpeople,andtheproportionofprimaryemploymenthasfallenbelow30%,comparedwith29.5%thatyear."Thedemandforagriculturalmechanizationinthedevelopmentenvironmentisincreasinglyurgent."WhiteParksaid. Onthebasisofthecomprehensivemechanizationlevelofcropcultivationandharvestinggreaterthan60%,in2015,theMinistryofAgriculturelaunchedamechanizationpromotionactionforthemaincropproduction.Themaincropsthatpromotethewholeprocessofmechanizationhavebeenexpandedfromthreemajorfoodcrops(rice,corn,wheat)toninemajorcrops(rice,corn,wheat,potato,cotton,rape,peanuts,soybeans,sugarcane).Expandingfromfoodcropstocashcrops,"ThisisanimportantstrategicmovetopromoteChina'sagriculturalmechanizationandmodernizationbecauseoftheadvantagesofthesituation."WhiteParksaid. In2015,China’stotalGDPexceededUS$11trillion.InthecompositionofGDP,theproportionofaddedvalueofthetertiaryindustryexceeded50%forthefirsttime,andthepercapitaGDPexceededUS$8,000.Therearealready10provinces(municipalitiesandautonomousregions)withpercapitaGDPMorethan10,000USdollars,5provincesandcitieshavepercapitaGDPofmorethan12,000USdollars,enteringtheranksofhigh-incomeregions.In2015,thenationalpercapitaincomeoffarmersalsoexceeded10,000yuanforthefirsttime.AccordingtothelatestdatareleasedbytheNationalBureauofStatistics,China'sGDPin2017exceeded80trillionyuan,reaching82.7trillionyuan(about13trillionUSdollars),andthepercapitadisposableincomeoffarmersreached13,400yuan.Theeconomicstrengthofthecountryhasincreasedsignificantly,andthetrendofconsumptionupgradinghasbecomeincreasinglyobvious. Inthiscontext,regardlessoftheneedforin-depthdevelopmentofagriculturalmechanization,thatis,full-processmechanizationhasbeenpromotedfromthreemajorcropstoninemajorcrops,andthemechanicaloperationlinkhasexpandedfromthreelinksofcultivationandharvestingtosixsuchasplantprotection,drying,andstrawtreatment.Thelinkisstillthedevelopmentenvironment,thatis,thenumberofemployeesintheprimaryindustryisdecliningandtheproportionisdeclining;theincomeoffarmerscontinuestoincrease,andthegapbetweenurbanandruralareasisgraduallynarrowing;theconsumptionlevel,consumptioncapacity,nationaleconomicstrength,andtheabilityofindustrytofeedagricultureareincreasing;Acomprehensiveanalysisoftheincreasinglystrongandcompleteagriculturalsupportandprotectionsystemshouldincreaseinvestmentinagriculturalmechanization,andinvestmentshouldbeincreased. Changesinsupplyanddemand WhiteParknotedthatthetotalinvestmentinagriculturalmechanizationandtheinvestmentinagriculturalmachinerypurchasesubsidieshavedeclinedcontinuouslysince2014.Healsoadmittedthatsubsidiesforthepurchaseofagriculturalmachineryhavealsoappearedinsomeregionsandtheystillfeelthatthesubsidiesarenotstrongenoughandneedtobeincreased;butsomeregionsarenotactiveinfightingforsubsidies,andevenappeartoprefernottosubsidize.  "Aseemi
2020-02-09 白箭头 黑箭头
Recently, the 2017 National Agricultural Machinery and Parts Exhibition was held in Zhengzhou, Henan, and domestic high-end smart tractors became a highlight of the exhibition. In agricultural production, high-horsepower tractors play an important role in farming, turning mud flowers, and straightening fields. According to industry experts, my country needs to accelerate the research and development of multi-functional, intelligent and economical agricultural equipment and facilities, focusing on making new progress in field operations, facility cultivation, deep processing, storage and transportation, and preservation to better meet the needs of large-scale agriculture. , Refinement, facility and other requirements.
2020-11-09 白箭头 黑箭头
Agricultural machinery purchase subsidy is an important measure to promote farmers' income and agricultural efficiency, and it is also an important measure to accelerate agricultural mechanization and stimulate the development of agricultural machinery industry. In 2014, the agricultural machinery department vigorously strived for the province to arrange 148 million yuan in subsidies for the purchase of agricultural machinery in the city, an increase of 31.2 million yuan over last year, an increase of 26.7%, and it has now been decomposed and distributed to counties (cities, districts). The agricultural machinery purchase subsidy policy covers all agricultural counties (cities, districts) in the city. According to the scope of central subsidies and combined with the actual needs of Liaocheng's agricultural production, Liaocheng determines to subsidize land preparation machinery, planting and fertilizing machinery, field management machinery, harvesting machinery, etc. Those belonging to the scope of subsidies can enjoy the subsidy policy for the purchase of agricultural machinery for farmers to purchase independently.
2020-11-09 白箭头 黑箭头
Chen Aihai: Hold the rice bowl firmly in your own hands. If we continue to use the ox to pull the plow and use the hoe to dig the ground, it is obviously impossible to hold the rice bowl in our own hands. At the inauguration ceremony of China Yituo Group Co., Ltd., Vice Premier Tan Zhenlin announced that “the era when Chinese people don’t use oil for lighting lamps and farmland without cattle is here!” Since then, Yituo is working to solve the food problem of Chinese people. What are some remarkable achievements?    Zhao Yanshui: Chairman Mao said in 1959, "The fundamental way out of agriculture lies in mechanization." China’s first tractor of our own was manufactured by us on July 20, 1958. We once had data. Probably between the 1960s and the 1980s, more than 70% of China's mechanically cultivated land was cultivated by our Dongfanghong tractors.    After entering the new era, we used to provide users with tractors. Later, in addition to tractors, we also provided machinery and tools, and later we provided harvesters, that is, we provided users with units to help them improve their work efficiency and food production. The role of our agricultural machinery in the field can be divided into three stages: the first stage is to save time; the second stage is to save time and effort; the third stage is to save time, effort and money, and this happens. Fundamental changes. Among them, in the second stage, we developed the "small four-wheel", that is, the small-horsepower four-wheel tractor, which solved the problem of making a fortune for most Chinese farmers. At that time, it was a sign of many "ten thousand yuan households".   Chen Aihai: The 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China put forward the strategy of rural revitalization, and then the Central Rural Work Conference detailed the general requirements of the two crosses: industrial prosperity, ecological livability, civilized rural customs, effective governance, and prosperous life. As a representative of the National People's Congress in the agricultural sector, how do you understand the rural revitalization strategy?   Zhao Yanshui: After the rural revitalization strategy was put forward, we agricultural machinery people all felt very excited. Many of these twenty words are related to us. In terms of agricultural operations, intensive and planned operations must rely on agricultural machinery; further, the new generation of farmers have a relatively high level of education, and they also pay more attention to the advanced nature of products. Although the current products and the original products are called tractors , But the concept is different. Today's tractors are all electro-hydraulic integration, and we already have products that can realize intelligent control, satellite navigation and automatic driving.   Chen Aihai: My hometown is a rural village in Jiangxi. Although living conditions were relatively poor when I was a child, the beautiful countryside in my memory now seems to be drifting away. Zhao Yanshui: In fact, in the area of ​​rural industry, don’t always think that industry is engineering. In fact, tourism can be developed. In this regard, Japan can be used for reference. Japan’s rural areas are no worse than cities because the water supply and drainage problems in Japanese rural areas are basically The above has been solved, so we must seriously promote the "toilet revolution" in the next step. I am very confident in rural revitalization. Through the implementation of the rural revitalization strategy, we will truly stand up, get rich, and become stronger from the city to the countryside, from the inside out.
2020-11-09 白箭头 黑箭头
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Time of issue:2020-04-20 00:00:00

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